Please view our publications below for a list of peer-reviewed and informational Industrial Ecology related journal articles and papers. Additional resources pertinent to the field of Industrial Ecology will also be uploaded periodically for your reference so please feel free to browse this page again!


For the ISO 14067 Standard on Carbon Footprint of Products (currently under development) please follow:

To access the Global Guidance Principles for Life Cycle Assessment Databases, please click on:

To access publications related to the Green House Gas Protocol, please follow:


1.A. Refereed Journal Articles 

A 53. Nansai, K., Kagawa, S., Kondo, Y., Suh, S., Nakajima, K., Inaba, R., Oshita, Y., Morimoto, T., Kawashima, K., Terakawa, T., Tohno, S. 2012: Characterization of Economic Requirements for a “Carbon-Debt-Free Country”. Environmental Science & Technology, 46 (1), 155-163

A 52. Suh, S., Lippiatt, B.C. 2012: Framework for hybrid life cycle inventory databases: a case study on the Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability (BEES) database, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 17 (5), 604-612

A 51. Behera, S.K., Kim, J.H., Lee, S.Y., Suh, S., Park, H.S. 2012: Evolution of ‘designed’ industrial symbiosis networks in the Ulsan Eco-industrial Park: ‘research and development into business’ as the enabling framework. Journal of Cleaner Production, (29-30), 103-112

A 50. Kim, J., Bae, J., Yang, Y., Suh, S2012: The Importance of Normalization References in Interpreting LCA Results, Journal of Industrial Ecology, accepted.

A 49. Yang, Y., Bae, J., Kim, J., Suh, S. 2012: Replacing Gasoline with Corn Ethanol Results in Significant Environmental Problem-Shifting, Environmental Science & Technology, 46 (7), 3671–3678.

A48. Gavankar, S., Suh, S., Keller, A. 2012: Life Cycle Assessment at Nanoscale: Review and Recommendations, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 17 (3), 295-303.

A47. Chiu, Y., Suh, S., Pfister, S., Hellweg, S., Koehler, A. 2012: Measuring ecological impact of water consumption by bioethanol using life cycle impact assessment. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 17 (1), 16-24.

A46. Wiedmann, T., Suh, S., Feng, K., Lenzen, M., Acquaye, A., Scott, K., Barrett, J. 2011: Application of Hybrid Life Cycle Approaches to Emerging Energy Technologies – The Case of Wind Power in the UK. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(13):5900-5907.

A45. Yeh, S., Berndes, G., Mishra, G., Suh, S., Wani, S., Neto, A., Karlberg, L., Heinke, J., Hamelinck, C. 2011: Evaluation of Water Use for Bioenergy at Different Scales, Biofuels, Biopoducts & Biorefining, 5: 361–374

A44. Suh, S., Yee, S. 2011: Phosphorus use-efficiency of agriculture and food system in the U.S., Chemosphere, 84: 806–813

A43. Yang, Yi., Suh, S. 2011: Environmental Impact of Products in China, Environmental Science & Technology, 45:4102–4109.

A42. Kagawa, S., Nansai, K., Kondo, Y., Hubacek, K., Suh, S., Minx, J., Kudoh, Y., Tasaki, T., Nakamura, S. 2011: Role of Motor Vehicle Lifetime Extension in Climate Change Policy. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(4), 1184–1191.

A41. Suh, K., Suh, S., Smith, T. 2011: Implications of Corn Prices on Water Footprints of Bio-Ethanol, Bio-resource Technology, 102(7), 4747-4754.

A40. Suh, K., Suh, S., Walseth, B., Bae, J., Barker, R., 2011: Optimal corn stover logistics for biofuel production: a case in Minnesota, Transactions of ASABE, 54(1), 219-238.

A39. Suh, K., Suh, S. 2010: Economic and environmental implications of corn stover densification options for biofuel in Minnesota, Transactions of ASABE, 53(4): 1183-1192

A38. Suh, S., Weidema, B., Schmidt, J., Heijungs, R., 2010: Generalized make and use framework for allocation in LCA, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 14 (2), 335- 353.

A37. Lim, S., Suh, S., Kim, J., Park, H.S., 2010: Urban Water Infrastructure Optimization to Reduce Environmental Impacts and Costs, Journal of Environmental Management, 91, 630–637.

A36. Nansai, K., Kagawa, S., Kondo, Y., Suh, S., Inaba, R., Nakajima, K., 2009: Improving the Completeness of Product Carbon Footprints Using a Global Input-Output Model, Economic Systems Research, 21 (3), 267 – 290

A35. Minx, J.C., Wiedmann, T., Wood, R., Peters, G.P., Lenzen, M., Owen, A., Scott, K., Barrett, J., Hubacek, K., Baiocchi, G., Paul, A., Dawkins, E., Briggs, J., Guan, D., Suh, S., Ackerman, F., 2009: Input-Output Analysis and Carbon Footprinting: An overview of applications, Economic Systems Research, 21 (3), 187 – 216.

A34. Nansai, K., Kagawa, S., Suh, S., Fuji, M., Inaba, R., Hashimoto, S., 2009: Materials and energy dependence of services and carbonization of consumption, Environmental Science & Technology, 43 (12), 4241-4246.

A33. Chiu, Y., Walseth, B., Suh, S.2009: Water footprint of biofuel in the U.S., Environmental Science & Technology, 43 (8)2688–2692.

A32. Finnveden, G., Hauschild, M., Ekvall, T., Guinée, J., Heijungs, R., Hellweg, S., Koehler, A., Pennington, D., Suh, S.2009: Recent developments in Life Cycle Assessment, Journal of Environmental Management, 91 (1), 1-21.

A31. Kagawa, S., Ohita, Y., Nansai, K., Suh, S.2009: Dematerialization Has Contributed to Reducing Oil Price Pressure, Environmental Science & Technology, 43 (2), 245-252.

A30. Schmitt-Olabisi, L., Reich, P., Johnson, K., Kapuscinski, A., Suh, S., Wilson, E., 2009: Reducing greenhouse gas emissions for climate stabilization: framing regional options, Environmental Science & Technology,43 (6), 1696–1703.

A29. Suh, S.2008: Natural Resources Consumption and Sustainable Industrial Development, Sustainable Industrial Development, Fall Issue: 28-41.

A28. Suh, S., Heijungs, R., 2007. Power series expansion and structural analysis for life cycle assessment, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 12 (6), 381 – 390.

A27. Nansai, K., Kagawa, S., Suh, S., Inaba, R., Moriguchi, Y., 2007. Simple Indicator to Identify the Environmental Soundness of Growth of Consumption and Technology: “Eco-velocity of Consumption”, Environmental Science & Technology, 41, 1465-1472.

A26. Koellner, T., Suh, S., Weber, O., Moser, C., Scholz, R.W., 2007. Do conventional and sustainability investment funds differ in their environmental impacts?–A comparison by means of Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 11 (3), 41- 60.

A25. Hawkins, T., Hendrickson, C., Higgins, C., Matthews, H. S., Suh, S.2007. A Mixed-Unit Input-Output Model for Environmental Life-Cycle Assessment and Material Flow Analysis, Environmental Science & Technology, 41, 1024-1031.

A24. Suh, S.2006: Are Services Better for Climate Change?, Environmental Science & Technology, 40 (21), 6555 – 6560.

A23. Tukker, A., Eder, P. Suh, S2006: Environmental impacts of products: Policy implications and outlook, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 10 (3), 183 – 198.

A22. Heijungs, R., de Koning, A. Suh, S., Huppes, G. 2006: Towards an information tool for Integrated Product Policy: requirements for data and computation, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 10 (3), 147 – 158.

A21. Huppes, G., de Koning, A., Suh, S., Heijungs, R., van Oers, L., Nielsen, P., Guinée, J.B. 2006: Environmental impacts of consumption in the European union using detailed input-output analysis, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 10 (3), 129 – 146.

A20. Weidema, B., Noutten, P., Suh, S2006: Prioritising within the product-oriented environmental policy – The Danish perspectives, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 10 (3), 73 – 87.

A19. Suh, S.2006: Reply: Downstream cut-offs in Integrated Hybrid Life Cycle Assessment, Ecological Economics, 59 (1), 7 – 12.

A18. Guinée, J.B., R. Heijungs, R. Kleijn, E. van der Voet, A. de Koning, L. van Oers, A. Elshkaki, R. Huele, G. Huppes, Suh, S., Wegener Sleeswijk, A., 2006: Human and Ecological Life cycle tools for the Integrated Assessment of Systems, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 11 (1), 19 – 28.

A17. Heijungs, R., Suh, S.2006: Reformulation of matrix-based LCI: from product balance to process balance, Journal of Cleaner Production, 14 (1), 47 – 51.

A16. Suh, S., Kagawa, S., 2005: Industrial Ecology and Inter-industry Analysis, Economic Systems Research, 17 (4), 349 – 364.

A15. Suh, S.2005: Developing Sectoral Environmental Database for Input-Output Analysis: Comprehensive Environmental Data Archive of the U.S., Economic Systems Research, 17 (4), 449 – 469

A14. Suh, S., K. M. Lee, S. Ha, 2005: Eco-Efficiency for Pollution Prevention in SMEs – a case in South Korea, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 9 (4), 223 – 240.

A13. Suh, S.2005: Theory of Materials and Energy Flow Analysis in Ecology and Economics, Ecological Modeling, 189 251 – 269.

A12. Mongelli, I., Huppes, G., Suh, S2005: A structural comparison of two approaches to life cycle inventory using the MIET and the ETH databases, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 10 (5), 317 – 324.

A11. Heijungs, R., Suh, S., Kleijn, R. 2005: Numerical approaches to life cycle interpretation: The case of the Ecoinvent database, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 10 (2) 103 – 112.

A10. Suh, S., Huppes, H., 2005: Methods in Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) of a product, Journal of Cleaner Production, 13 (7), 687 – 697.

A9. Udo de Haes, H., Heijungs, R. Suh, S., Huppes, G. 2004: Three strategies to overcome the limitations of LCA, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 8 (3), 19 – 32.

A8. Suh, S.2004: Functions, commodities and environmental impacts in an ecological economic model, Ecological Economics, 48 (4), 451 – 467.

A7. Rebitzer, G., T. Ekvall, R. Frischknecht, D. Hunkeler, G. Norris, T. Rydberg, W.-P. Schmidt, Suh, S., Weidema, B., D.W. Penington, 2004: Life Cycle Assessment: Goal & Scope Definition, Inventory Analysis and Applications (Part 1), Environment International. 30 (5), 701 – 721.

A6. Suh, S.2004: A Note on the Calculus for Physical Input-Output Analysis and its Application to Land Appropriation of International Trade Activities, Ecological Economics. 48 (1), 9 – 17.

A5. Suh, S., M. Lenzen, G. Treloar, H. Hondo, A. Horvath, G. Huppes, O. Jolliet, U. Klann, W. Krewitt, Y. Moriguchi, J. Munksgaard, G. Norris, 2004: System Boundary Selection for Life Cycle Inventories using hybrid approaches, Environmental Science & Technology. 38 (3), 657 – 664.

A4. Suh, S., Huppes, H., 2002: Missing inventory estimation tool using extended input-output analysis, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 7 (3) 134-140.

A3. Huijbrecht, M., L. van Oers, A. de Koning, G. Huppes, Suh, S., Breedveld, L. 2002: Normalisation figures for environmental life-cycle assessment: The Netherlands (1997/1998), Western Europe (1995) and the world (1990 and 1995), Journal of Cleaner Production, 11, 737–748.

A2. Suh, S., Hur, Y. Lee, K., 2000: Determination of Normalization Value for Korean Eco-indicator J. Korean Society of Life Cycle Assessment, 4 (1) 24 – 35.

A1. Lee, K., Suh, S.1999: Determination of Weighting Factor for Eco-indicator using the Relative Significance Factor (fi), J. Korean Society of Life Cycle Assessment, 3 (1) 31-40.


1.B. Books

B3. Suh, S. (Ed.), 2009Handbook of Input-Output Economics in Industrial Ecology, Springer, New York, NY, USA

B2. Heijungs, R., Suh, S.2002The Computational Structure of Life Cycle Assessment, Kluwer Academic Publisher, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

B1. Guinée, J.B., M. Gorrée, R. Heijungs , G. Huppes, R. Kleijn, A. de Koning, L. van Oers, A. Wegener Sleeswijk, Suh, S., Udo de Haes, H.A., H. de Bruijn, R. van Duin, M.A.J. Huijbregts, 2002Handbook on Life Cycle Assessment. Operational Guide to the ISO Standards. Kluwer Academic Publisher, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.


1.C. Book chapters

C5. Reich-Weiser, C. Ace, J., Brooks, C., Suh, S.2010: An Iterative Hybrid Carbon Footprint, In: Murray J. and Wood, R. (Eds.), The Sustainability Practitioner’s Guide to Input-Output Analysis, Common Ground Publishing, Urbana-Champaign, Il, USA.

C4. Suh, S.2010: Comprehensive Environmental Data Archive (CEDA), In: Murray J. and Wood, R. (Eds.), The Sustainability Practitioner’s Guide to Input-Output Analysis, Common Ground Publishing, Urbana-Champaign, Il, USA.

C3. Suh, S. 2009: Input-Output Analysis in Industrial Ecology – a Brief history, In: Suh, S. (Ed.), In: Handbook of Input-Output Economics for Industrial Ecology, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

C2. Kagawa, S., Suh, S.2009: Multistage Process-Based Make-Use System, In: Suh, S. (Ed.), Handbook of Input-Output Economics for Industrial Ecology, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

C1. Dietzenbacher, E., Giljum, S., Hubacek, K., Suh, S.2009: Physical Input-Output Analysis and Waste, In: Suh, S. (Ed.), Handbook of Input-Output Economics for Industrial Ecology, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.


1.D. Dissertation and theses

D3. Suh, S.2004Materials and Energy Flows in Industry and Ecosystem Networks – Life Cycle Assessment, Input-Output Analysis, Material Flow Analysis, Ecological Network Flow Analysis, and Their Combinations for Industrial Ecology, Ph.D. Dissertation. Leiden University, The Netherlands, (Cum Laude).

D2. Suh, S.2000Integrating Cost Information into Alternative Evaluation System for Pollution Prevention – LCA and TCA for an Electromagnetic wave filtering Device, M.S. Thesis. Graduate School of Environmental Engineering, Ajou University, South Korea.

D1. Suh, S.1998Effect of Electrode in Photo-catalytic Phenol Degradation using TiO2 and UV, B.S. Thesis. Department of Environmental Engineering, Ajou University, South Korea.


1.E. Editorials, book reviews and other non-peer reviewed publications

E11. Suh, S., Book Review: Waste Input-Output Analysis—Concepts and Application to Industrial Ecology. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 13 (5), pp. 835–836.

E10. Suh, S., Nakamura, S., 2007: Five years in the area of input-output analysis, Editorial, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 12(6), 351-352.

E9. Suh, S.2006: Cultivating a healthy journal space, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Editorial, 11 (2), 77 – 79.

E8. Suh, S.2004: Materials and energy flows in industry and ecosystem networks, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Editorial, 9 (5), 335 – 336.

E7. Suh, S.2004: 4th SETAC World Congress. UISIE news, 4 (4), 7.

E6. Suh, S.2004: The Portrait of Wassily Leontief, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Editorial, 9 (1), 1.

E5. Rebitzer, G., Köhler, A., Suh, S., Klöpffer, W., Jolliet, O., Saur, K. 2003: Theory and Practical Implementation of Life Cycle Assessment. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 8 (4), 235 – 240.

E4. Suh, S.2003: Input-Output Analysis Working Group. UISIE news,U 3 (3), 1 – 3.

E3. Suh, S.2003: Input-Output and Hybrid Life Cycle Assessment. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Editorial, 8 (5), 257.

E2. Suh, S., Duchin F., 2003: Industrial Ecology for a Sustainable Future. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 8 (5), 315 – 316.

E1. Duchin, F., Suh, S.2002: The International Conference on Input-Output Economics, UISIE news, 2 (3), 6-7.


1.F. Electronic Databases

F4. Suh, S.2009: CEDA 4.0 (Comprehensive Environmental Data Archive), This database contains information on 2800 environmental emissions and resources use by 430 industrial processes of the U.S.

F3. Suh, S.2004: CEDA 3.0 (Comprehensive Environmental Data Archive), This database contains information on 1344 environmental emissions and resources use by 480 industrial processes of the U.S.

F2. Suh, S.2002: MIET 2.0 (Missing Inventory Estimation Tool), Freely distributed via Uwww.leidenuniv. nl/cml/ softwareU (Around 600 subscribers worldwide).

F1. Suh, S.2000: MIET 1.0 (Missing Inventory Estimation Tool), Institute of Environmental Science (CML)U, Leiden University, The Netherlands.


1.G. Technical Reports

G3. Hertwich, E., van der Voet, E., Suh, S., Tukker, A., Huijbregts M., Kazmierczyk, P., Lenzen, M., McNeely, J., Moriguchi, Y., 2010Assessing the Environmental Impacts of Consumption and Production, International Resource Panel, United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), Paris, France.

G2. Suh, S., Chiu, Y., Schmidt-Olabisi, L., 2010The Future of Energy and Water Environment in Minnesota, Legislative Citizen’s Commission on Minnesota Natural Resources, Saint Paul, Minnesota.

G1. Suh, S. 2008An integrated accounting and analytical framework for corporate GHG emission reporting and product carbon footprint: a review, World Resources Institute (WRI). International Standardization of Greenhouse Gas protocol (Carbon Footprinting), London, UK.